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Minsk City Tour And Visiting The Belarusian State Museum Of The History Of Great Patriotic War Tour

Country: Belarus
City: Minsk
Duration: 2 Day(s) - 1 Night(s)
Tour Category: Museum Tours
Departure Date: Thu 01 Jan '99

Package Itinerary

1st part – city tour

During the Minsk city sightseeing tour you will learn the history of Minsk Hero-City, foundation and revival after numerous wars and fires and see its nowadays beauty.

Tour route covers main streets and squares of the city.You will visit Station Square and see new modern building of the Railway station. Then you’ll visit administrative and political center- Nezavisimost Square. There you’ll be told how monumental building of Government House was built manually without technic using. You will see the Red Castle construction at Nesavisimoosti Squary with the magnificent Houses of Parlament where the state Government is sitting, go along the Nezavisimosty Avenue build in the Stalinist Empire style You’ll see the oldest [part of the city Zamchishche (the place of ancient Mensk founding).You’ll know about annalistic history of the city and try to imagine the appearance and the way of life of middle aged Mensk, which was built in the village on the island near two rivers junction and surrounded by Earth deposits. You will see see renewed town council, Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Holy Cathedral – Minsk icon of the Mother of God and its miraculous occurrence to people. You will have a nice walk along quiet streets of the Troitskoye Suburb and feel spirit of the city of XIX century. Then you’ will visit Victory Square with the monument built in the memory of victory in the Great Patriotic War as well as visit to the outstanding museum (please, see the description below), the National Library (you may book the individual tour there) which is constructed in the form of diamond symbolizing knowledge.

2d part – visit of the museum

The collection of the world's first museum of the Great Patriotic War was founded in June 1942 , the moment when no one new how long the war will last. At that moment the future exhibits were sent directly from the frontlines to the special republican commission which was set up to collect the documents and materials about the Great Patriotic War. The museum of memory about the courage and tragedy of the Belarusian people was established the few intact buildings in the destructed and looted Minsk after its liberation from fascists and was opened to the public on 22 October 1944. In 1966, the museum moved to a building specially built for it in the central square of Minsk (now Oktyabrskaya Square). A unique open-air exposition of military equipment and weapons was opened in 1977 next to the museum. Over decades of research into the Great Patriotic War the museum’s collection has grown many times: even nowadays it gains 700—800 priceless rarities every year. In the 21st century upon the initiative of the President of the Republic of Belarus it was decided to create new premises to expand the exhibition space using modern technologies and enabling to demonstrate more facts about the tragic war period. The renewed museum was solemnly opened on 2 July 2014 on the eve of Independence Day of Belarus and as a tribute to the 70th anniversary of Belarus’ liberation from the Nazi invaders. The current premises of the museum are impressive not only due to their scale but also symbolism that reflects major milestones of the history of 1941-1945. The composition represents four main blocks to match the number of years of the war and the army fronts that took part in Belarus’ liberation. Looks like a festive salute: 11 sparkling rays made of stainless steel to symbolize the Great Victory and at the same time 1,100 tragic days and nights of Minsk’s occupation. A 45-meter stela Minsk – Hero City opened in 1985 for the 40th anniversary of the Great Victory and the sculpture of the Motherland are located near the museum. The Heroes Square is embellished by a fountain of 170 jets indicates the number of Belarusian populated localities that were liberated by the Soviet army during the war.

The exhibits are divided into 28 collection and showcased in ten themed halls:

  • World and the war;
  • World before and in the first years of World War II;
  • Road of the war;
  • Beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Defense in Belarus in summer 1941. The battle of Smolensk. The battle of Moscow of 1941-1942;
  • Turning point of the war. The Soviet home front;
  • Nazi occupation regime on the territory of Belarus in 1941-1944;
  • Partisan movement and anti-fascist underground resistance in Belarus. Participation of Soviet people in European resistance movements of 1941-1945;
  • Liberation of Belarus. The defeat of the Nazi Germany, its allies, and the militarist Japan;
  • Belarus after the liberation. The years 1944-1950. Memory of the war;
  • Heirs of the Great Victory.
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